Worldwide annual production was estimated at around 730 million tons (2011). Some countries, such as the US and China, account for over half of global production. The total value of the global wheat trade was estimated at $US 178 billion in 2016. In addition to being crucial to human nutrition, wheat also has multiple industrial uses, from animal feed to food additives. To get more money online you can play online casino games. Here are ways to grow wheat in a better way.
Grow Wheat on Less Land
The first step to growing more wheat crops is to have enough land. This can be done by either purchasing more land or using less land. One thing that is important to note here is that if you are buying new land, it will cost money. If you use less land, then this is free. So, there is no need to buy land when you can get the same results without spending any money. You may think that all you need is some seed and water but actually, there is much more to consider. Below are some tips about growing wheat on less land:
Get rid of weeds
Weeds compete with plants for space. They consume nutrients and moisture, which means they slow down plant growth. To reduce competition, clear your field before seeding the soil. Use a broad-spectrum herbicide for weeds such as barnyard grass, blackgrass, pigweed, crabgrass, foxtail barley, quackgrass, wild oat, and many others.
Use appropriate seeds.
A good idea would be to choose high-yield varieties. These are usually hybrids of two different types of wheat that produce large yields. Hybrid seeds are often shorter than normal ones. Make sure to sow them properly so that they don’t germinate too deep.
Don’t wait until the last minute.
Sowing and planting seeds late are not recommended because they can result in poor-quality grains. It takes time for seeds to germinate, grow, mature, and develop fully. Do not rely solely on the weather forecast; rather, plan and know what to expect based on past experiences.
Make sure to include organic matter.
Organic matter is composted manure, green waste, garden soil, leaves, paper, straw, or dead trees. Adding 2% to 5% of organic matter increases yield while reducing weed infestation.
Avoid Nutrient Deficiency Problems
Nitrogen deficiency is caused by a lack of nitrogen fertilizer in soils. Nitrogen is essential for plant growth, especially during the early stages of development. On average, farmers in developing countries apply 15 kg/acre of nitrogen fertilizer. However, it is common for farmers to underapply nitrogen fertilizers. For example, a study from Benjaminjgoldman.com showed that in India, only 6% of farms applied nitrogen in amounts greater than 30kg/ha.
Another problem associated with the excessive application of nitrogen fertilizers is its effect on soil pH. Excessive applications of nitrogen fertilizers can cause an increase in acidity in the soil. This can lead to decreased nutrient uptake and reduced grain size and yield.
Reduce Water Consumption
To grow wheat, one needs to supply adequate amounts of water. Typically, farmers irrigate their fields once every 10 days. Irrigation requires additional inputs like electricity and fuel, which makes it expensive. Farmers tend to focus on increasing output instead of efficiency. So, it is best to avoid irrigation altogether.
Minimize Chemical Usage
Overuse of pesticides and other chemical fertilizers leads to environmental pollution and contamination. Other problems include soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, and depletion of valuable groundwater. Therefore, it is best to minimize pesticide usage.
Manage Pest Infestation
Pests play an important role in controlling diseases and maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. However, excessive use of pesticides can change pest dynamics. Thus, when possible, it is better to control pests naturally. Natural methods should be used whenever possible, such as traps for rodents and predators, barriers against wind and rain, and attracting wasps.
Practice Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable agriculture involves using nature’s resources efficiently. Since there is no single way to practice sustainable agriculture, it varies from farm to farm depending on factors like climate, availability of natural resources, crop type, and level of technology. For instance, some farms may use solar power, whereas others may opt to build their machines.
Improve Land Management Practices
Land management practices improve soil health, decrease soil erosion, promote biological diversity, and improve agricultural production. For example, land management practices such as terracing, contour farming, mulching, intercropping, cover crops, composting, and crop rotation help retain moisture and prevent runoff.
I believe that if all these things are done, then we would have self-sufficient eco-communities that do not need large-scale industrialization.